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Vintage Sperry Flight Indicator US Army WWII Type C 7
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1984 PA INTERNATIONAL AIRSHOW FEATURING U S ARMY GOLDEN KNIGHTS
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MINI US AIR FORCE NAVIGATOR WING ARMY CORPS HAT LAPEL PIN WW 2 GIFT AFB WOW
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Curtiss P 40E Warhawk Flying Tigers Desk Display 1 32 Army WW2 Model MC Airplane
$179.99
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7566 Vintage WWII Era USAAF U S Army Air Forces Corps Winged Star Pin
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Free Air Temperature Indicator Type C 12 WWII Air Corps US Army
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VINTAGE OFFICIAL PHOTOS US ARMY NAVY PLANES 32 AIRCRAFT WWII PHOTOGRAPHS
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$143.99
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Old WW2 Army Navy Fighter Pilot Trainer Instrument Panel in Great Shape
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WW2 MK 4 DIRECTOR Canadian Army Mortar MG Aiming Scope VERY RARE
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PT 19 HAT LAPEL PIN US US ARMY AIR CORPS TRAINER WW2 US AIR FORCE GIFT WING WOW
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12 X 18 Join US Army Air Corps Recruiting Sign 24 Gauge Metal Sign
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Technical Overhaul Instructions Army Vee Drive 3825 Reduction Warbird Manuals
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WWII Army Air Forces Instrument Approach Procedures Technical Order 08 15 3 1943
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Technical Orders Parts Catalog AAF Rescue Boats 85 Foot Army Air Corps Aviation
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SB2C HELLDIVER LAPEL HAT PIN WW 2 CURTISS US NAVY MARINES ARMY AIR FORCE WING
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2 WWII ARMY PORTABLE FIELD RUNWAY ISLAND LIGHTING AIRPLANE LIGHTS AIRCRAFT
$599.00
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$143.99
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WILLIAM A JAMES ARMY AIR FORCES CERT OF APPRECIATION FOR WWII WAR SERVICE
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$19.00
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Oil Temperature Indicator B 25 Bomber Type A 24 US Army Air Corps WWII
$19.00
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1942 Goodyear PRINT AD Pilot Army Fighter Plane WWII Worlds fastest tricycle
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Handbook of Instructions With Parts Catalog Compensating Gun Sight Type K 8 Army
$29.99
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Technical Orders Instructions With Parts Catalog Restrained Type Gyroscopes Army
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P 51 MUSTANG HAT LAPEL PIN UP US ARMY AIR CORPS WW 2 PILOT CREW WING GIFT WOW
$11.89
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WWII US ARMY MILITARY BIPLANE AIRPLANE BW 5 X 7 PHOTOGRAPH
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1 DVD Amazing WWII Aviation Army Air Force Films WINNING YOUR WINGS see descr
$11.95
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1945 WW2 Era AD US ARMY AIR FORCE Fairchild PT 26 training plane 100416
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$129.95
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78 VINTAGE MEXICAN AIR FORCE ARMY PILOT WINGS WWII
$115.00
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Aviation Navy Pilot Antique Book WWII Military Effects Airplane Air Force Army
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$49.95
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Technical Orders Type H 2 Altitude Warning Signal Switch Assembly Army Air Corps
$9.99
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4 Technical Orders Tachometers Replacement of Receptacle Screws Generators Army
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P 40 WARHAWK FLYING TIGERS WW 2 LAPEL HAT PIN US ARMY AIR CORPS AVG PILOT CREW
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ANC 1 SPANWISE AIR LOAD DISTRIBUTION BOOK 1938 ARMY NAVY COMMERCE WAR DEPT WWII
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Boeing B 17 Flying Fortress Army Air Corp Wooden Mahogany Wood Model WWII Bomber
$99.95
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1943 WWII US Army BOEING PT 17 Training Airplanes Uncle Sam VINTAGE AD
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1943 WWII Beech BEECHCRAFT AT 11 Army Air Forces Trainer Aircraft WW II WW2 AD
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Wwii Army

Women in the Airforce: How WASPs Contributed to the WWII War Effort   by WomenOf Editor

Over 60 years ago when the U.S. faced a severe shortage of combat pilots to serve in World War II, a group of incredible women stepped up to help. These "fly girls" flew light trainers, heavy four-engine bombers, transport aircraft and fighters - virtually every type of Air Force aircraft there was - on missions all around the United States to free up male pilots needed in the war overseas. They were the first women in history to fly American military aircraft and broke ground for female pilots who would later join the ranks of the U.S. Air Force. The Women Air Force Service Pilots (WASP) program was one of the best kept secrets of World War II. WASPs are still unknown to most Americans today, but in the summer of 2009 they gained some hard-earned recognition when President Barack Obama signed into a law a bill that awarded them the Congressional Gold Medal.

Getting the WASP program itself off the ground was a hard-won accomplishment against gender bias. It took more than a decade due to initial resistance from people in the military. In 1930 the War Department considered the idea, but chief of the U.S. Army Air Corps had called the idea of women pilots "utterly unfeasible", because women were too "high strung". As America moved towards war, however, this view softened. In 1939 America's most famous female pilot, Jacqueline Cochran, wrote to then-First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to propose a women's corps of pilots. By 1942 a women's aviator program was finally launched.

As many as 25,000 women volunteered for spots but recruiting requirements were even more stringent than they were for men - women had to already have earned a pilot's license. Ultimately, only 1,830 volunteers were accepted into the program, of which 1,074 graduated. Recruits made their way from around the country, paying their own way, to a municipal airport in Houston, Texas and later to Avenger Field near Sweetwater where they underwent the same rigorous training as their male counterparts.

After graduation the women pilots fanned out to military bases around the country. Their duties included ferrying personnel and supplies, delivering aircraft from one base to another, flight instruction, test flying all types of planes, and towing targets for air-to-air and anti-aircraft gunnery practice - with live ammunition. In some cases women flew aircraft that some men wouldn't fly, like the B-26 Marauder and the B-29 Superfortress, to demonstrate that these planes weren't as difficult to fly as believed. Overall, they logged 60 million miles in flight.

Although they never saw combat, 38 WASPs made the ultimate sacrifice by giving their lives in service to their country. Mary Elizabeth Trebing (shown in photo) of Louisville, Colorado was one of those killed when she encountered engine failure on a PT-19 training flight over northern Oklahoma only 18 months into the program. Gertrude Tompkins is the only WASP who has never been accounted for. She was last seen piloting a P-51D Mustang fighter from Los Angeles and is presumed lost at sea. The search for her plane is still ongoing.

The WASP program grew for two years after its launch until it was suddenly and unceremoniously terminated in December 1944 due to increasing political opposition and a greater availability of male pilots. It did so against the strong opposition of five-star General H. H. "Hap" Arnold, Chief of the Army Air Forces and one of the initiators of the program, who believed the WASPs were a vital element in the war effort. At the last WASP graduating class, just days before the program's demise, General Arnold honored the women with the following comments:

"You... have shown that you can fly wingtip to wingtip with your brothers. If ever there was doubt in anyone's mind that women could become skilled pilots, the WASPs dispelled that doubt. I want to stress how valuable the whole WASP program has been for the country."

In the end, America's first women pilots made their way home the way they had come, paying their own way. Even the 38 dead required a collection from colleagues and family alike before their bodies could be shipped home. Although WASPs had enjoyed the privileges of officers, Congress' refusal to militarize a women's program meant the aviatrices remained civil servants in the eyes of the military. They received neither veteran benefits nor recognition from the government for their service to the country. And because the pilots who died were killed in military aircraft the record of their service was sealed up as Top Secret.

For more than 30 years WASPs were the forgotten heroines of World War II. Then in 1976, when the Air Force announced it was training the "first women to fly for the military," surviving WASPs and their supporters came forward to fight for their rightful place in history. In November 1977, 32 years ago this month, President Jimmy Carter signed a bill granting veterans status to former WASPs. This summer President Barack Obama took the gesture even further by signing the bill awarding WASPs the Congressional Gold Medal. Congress commissions these medals as its "highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions."

After 65 long years, the service of this dedicated group of women is finally making headlines. WASPS played a special role in many Veterans Day celebrations around the country in 2009, and Americans are finally beginning to learn of their country's wartime debt to America's very first fly-girls. Sadly, with former WASPs now reaching into their 80s and 90s, only a fraction of them survive today to accept this long-deserved accolade. But at least their service is now forever recognized, honored and immortalized.

WomenOf.com owes a special thanks to Gordon and Tracey Page for their assistance with this article.

About the Author

WomenOf is an online magazine created specifically for the modern woman. With easy to find online articles, WomenOf strives to provide top quality resources and information to our readers: from fashion and health, to sports and legal information.

For more great articles about women's history and her contributions to society, visit Womenof.com, the premier article resource for women.
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Wwii+Army

Grenade which sparked Dundee emergency dated from WWII (Scotsman)

A grenade which sparked an emergency when it was handed to a police officer
dated from the Second World War, the Army said today.

Scotsman